Causes Of Protein In Urine

Under normal circumstances, urine does not contain protein as a by-product of kidney filtration. The presence of protein in urine otherwise termed as proteinuria is defined by the presence and abnormally elevated levels of protein in the urine. This condition is also known as albuminuria since the main protein that can be found in people that suffers from this condition is albumin.

Fair enough, protein is needed by the body in order to prevent muscle wasting, reinforce the body’s immune system, and help circulate fluids to prevent generalized edema or bloating. It also helps in the body’s clotting mechanism, so it is important that protein should be kept in the body, not excreted through urine.

The following are some of the reasons why proteinuria results. First off, when the kidney executes filtration, it provides an avenue for waste and by-products of metabolism to be excreted out of the body via urine. The Glomeruli or filtering structures of each kidney have chambers that are small enough to let waste material pass through it. Since protein is relatively larger than most body substance, it is retained in the body. Presence of albumin in the urine indicates glomeruli damage. This condition is also indicative of chronic renal failure in most adults. Those people who suffer from DM Type 2, hypertension, and pyelonephritis may also have this condition.

The presence of protein in the urine exhibits a cloudy, turgid appearance. It may also have a foamy texture, which in most cases may be a sign of disease progression. Generalized swelling or pitting edema is common to patients with chronic renal failure who exhibits proteinuria.

Aside from cardiac conditions and non-insulin dependent diabetes, those who are chronically overweight are more likely to suffer from the condition. As for race, Pacific Islanders, African Americans, Caucasians, and Indians are quite very susceptible to the presence of protein in the urine.

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