Dental

Diseases Of The Gums

Periodontal disease or bacterial infection of the gums is one of the most reported oral problems of people of all age brackets. It could happen to anyone, to your young child, or to an elderly member of the household. The condition causes damage to tissues that anchor the teeth to the oral cavity. The condition is termed ‘periodontal’ because it does not only affect one area or spot of the gums but it plagues the whole mouth in general. If the condition worsens, gum disease can lead to tooth loss or worse, heart problems, stroke, or blockage of one of the arteries. The following article will discuss further about the types of gum diseases. The first in line is gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums which is caused by buildup of tartar and plaque.

This type of gum disease is easy to cure if detected earlier. Some of the predisposing factors include smoking, poor nutrition, alcohol consumption, diabetes, medications, and hormonal imbalance. Aggressive periodontitis on the other hand is characterized by painless swelling of the gum tissue and decay of the bone that anchors the teeth. Chronic periodontitis is an entirely different story because it’s accompanied by frequent inflammation of the tissue that lines the teeth plus in encourages bone damage. Then there’s necrotizing periodontal disease wherein the surrounding gum tissue succumbs to necrosis or tissue death. This disease does not only concern the gums but it also affects alveolar bone and oral ligaments. Tissue death of the gums is mainly caused by complications of HIV infection, chronic use of immunosuppressant drugs, radiation therapy and overdose of antibiotics.

Thankfully, these gum conditions can be prevented and managed properly following early diagnosis. Except for worsening necrosis of gum tissue, there are specific medications that can be used for the treatment, reversal, and rehabilitation of damaged gums. But the best preventive measure of all is to live a healthier lifestyle and staying away from avoidable predisposing factors like smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, eating a healthy balanced diet, and self-medication.

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